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The Effects That Tai Chi Has for Breast Cancer Patients

May 26, 2020 - Tai Chi, as a mind-body exercise, may have a positive impact on physical function and psychological well-being in breast cancer patients. The latest systematic review and meta-analysis of Tai Chi for breast cancer was made 4 years ago and some new clinical trials about it were published. The April 2020 issue of Frontiers in oncology reported a new systematic review and meta-analysis to evaluate the effect of Tai Chi in breast cancer patients.

In this systematic review and meta-analysis, a group of Chinese scientists searched MEDLINE, EMBASE, CENTRAL, CNKI, COVIP, Wanfang, Chaoxing, CiNii, J-SSTAGE, DBpia, and ThaiJO with no language restrictions from inception to February 16, 2020, for randomized clinical trials comparing Tai Chi with non-exercised therapy in breast cancer patients. The primary outcome was quality of life in patients with breast cancer and data pooled by a random-effects model. Subgroup analyses were conducted to estimate the effect of different durations of Tai Chi for breast cancer patients.

Fifteen articles involving a total of 885 breast cancer participants were included in this review. Compared with non-exercised therapy, Tai Chi had a significant effect on quality of life in breast cancer patients, and subgroup analysis found that Tai Chi showed beneficial effect in 12 weeks and 25 weeks. Meta-analyses of secondary outcomes showed that 3 weeks Tai Chi increased shoulder function, 12 weeks Tai Chi improved pain, shoulder function, strength of arm, and anxiety in breast cancer patients compared with the control group.

In conclusions, Tai Chi appears to be effective on some physical and psychological symptoms and improves the quality of life in patients with breast cancer. Additional randomized controlled trials with a rigorous methodology and low risk of bias are needed to provide more reliable evidence.




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