Benefit of Qigong Exercise in Patients with Fibromyalgia
July 28, 2012 -
Fibromyalgia patients present with widespread chronic pain and other symptoms.
Some studies in the literature have reported inconsistent results after a Qigong
exercise intervention in patients with fibromyalgia. A new pilot study, reported
by the International journal of neuroscience in its July 2012 issue, tested the
feasibility of a home-based Qigong exercise in patients with fibromyalgia.
METHODS: A total of
14 subjects were randomly assigned into one of two groups. The experimental
group went through a six-week Qigong exercise program involving meditation, deep
breathing, and synchronized rhythmic body movements. The control group took part
in a sham Qigong exercise program using the same body movements also for six
weeks. Clinical assessments at baseline and end of intervention used the
Short-Form McGill Pain Questionnaire, Multidimensional Fatigue Inventory,
Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index, and Fibromyalgia Impact Questionnaire.
RESULTS: Group mean
scores of four measurements were significantly reduced in the intervention
group, but not in the control group. The percentage changes in the four
measurements were 44.2%, 24.8%, 37.3%, and 44.3% in the intervention group, and
10.1%, 6.3%, 9.9%, and 11.8% in the control group.
exercise may potentially be an effective self-management approach in controlling
FM symptoms. In this pilot study, regular daily Qigong exercise, accumulated
number of exercise sessions, and the specific form of Qigong exercise may all be
important factors for the significant improvement in the study subjects. Future
research is required to determine whether the same benefit can be obtained in a
larger sample .