Tai Chi Improves Quality of Life and Health in Chronic Heart-Failure Participants
January 13, 2014 -
There is increasing evidence that coronary
heart disease is linked with a number of psychosocial risk factors and
bio-physiological risk factors such as metabolic syndrome. An Australian study,
published by Aging & Mental Health in January of
2014, aimed to compare Tai Chi program for heart-failure participants
between the pre-intervention phase and six month after intervention time in
health-related quality of life (HRQoL), including physical health,
role-physical, bodily pain, general health, vitality, social functioning,
role-emotional and mental health. In addition, the difference between
pre-intervention and post-intervention time in psychological distress and
resilience, body mass index (BMI), systolic blood pressure (SBP) and diastolic
blood pressure (DBP) were compared.
A prospective intervention study was conducted in 2012 to evaluate
the effectiveness of a community-based meditation Tai Chi intervention program to
improve heart-failure patients' health. Measures included the Short-Form 12
Health Survey (SF-12), General Health Questionnaire (GHQ30), resilience scale,
BMI, blood pressure and waist circumference. Univariate analysis of variance was
used to compare the difference between pre- and post-intervention in Tai Chi participants.
The outcomes differed in significance and magnitude across four
HRQoL measures, psychological distress and resilience between the pre- and
post-intervention time in heart-failure patients who participated in the
Tai Chi exercise. The participants in the post-intervention time also reduced BMI, SBP,
and waist circumference.
Conclusions: Regular and more than six months Tai Chi exercises had a beneficial effect to
HRQoL, reducing psychological distress, promoting resilience, and reducing the
BMI and blood pressure level in heart-failure patients.