Tai Chi for Patients with Heart Disease
August 28, 2012 -
This is a study performed by University of Hong Kong and published in the
May-Jun 2012 issue of Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine.
summarize and evaluate the available evidence from controlled clinical trials of
tai chi (TC) exercise for patients with heart disease.
Fourteen databases were searched up to November 2010 with the terms tai chi,
taichi, tai ji, taiji, taijichuan, cardiac, heart, coronary, myocardial, and
atrial fibrillation in the title, abstract, or key words. No language
restrictions were imposed. The quality and validity of randomized clinical
trials (RCTs) were evaluated using the Jadad Scale. The strength of the evidence
for all included studies was evaluated using the Oxford Centre for
Evidence-based Medicine Levels of Evidence.
studies including 5 RCTs and 4 nonrandomized controlled clinical trials met the
inclusion criteria. Three studies examined the effectiveness of TC exercise for
patients with chronic heart failure (CHF), and 6 studies examined the
effectiveness of TC exercise among patients with coronary heart disease (CHD).
Overall, these studies demonstrated favorable effects of TC exercise for the
patients with heart disease.
The existing evidence suggests that TC exercise is a good option for heart
patients with very limited exercise tolerance and can be an adjunct to
rehabilitation programs for patients with CHD or CHF.