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Tai Chi Qigong for Health >> Tai Chi Qigong for Diabetes

Systematic Review of the Effectiveness of Tai Chi in Individuals with Type 2 Diabetes

March 24, 2018 - Integrative diabetes care, which combines conventional diabetes therapy with traditional Chinese medicine (TCM)-based interventions, has gained popularity worldwide. Numerous TCM-based lifestyle modification approaches have been proposed for individuals with type 2 diabetes (T2DM).

Several researchers from the Chinese University of Hong Kong and Xi'an Jiaotong University undertook a systematic review of randomized controlled trials or controlled clinical trials to synthesize and present the best available evidence on the effectiveness of TCM-based lifestyle interventions in individuals with T2DM.

Six English and four Chinese electronic databases were searched from their inceptions to December 2016. Twenty-four studies investigating the effectiveness of various TCM-based lifestyle interventions among adults with T2DM were included. The pooled analysis of the eight studies on Tai Chi showed Tai Chi practice for at least 150?minute per week was beneficial in lowering glycosylated hemoglobin. Tai Chi was effective in reducing fasting blood glucose and body mass index, and improving quality of life. The effects of Tai Chi on blood pressure and waist circumference were inconclusive due to the limited number of studies.

The analysis shows that Tai Chi is potentially effective option for individuals with T2DM to improve biomedical and psychosocial well-being. Further well-designed studies are needed to explore the optimal intervention dose and to investigate the effectiveness of other TCM-based lifestyle interventions. This analysis is published by International journal of nursing studies in February, 2018.




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