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Tai Chi Qigong for Health >> Tai Chi Qigong for Diabetes
Tai Chi may improve glucose control and quality of life for individuals with type 2 diabetes

Tai Chi may improve glucose control and quality of life for individuals with type 2 diabetes

 

Song R, Ahn S, Roberts BL, Lee EO, Ahn YH.

College of Nursing, Chungnam National University, Daegon 301747, Korea.

 

Journal of alternative and complementary medicine, 2009 Jun;15(6):627-32

 

PURPOSE:

This study was to examine the effects of adherence to a 6-month Tai Chi exercise program on glucose control, diabetic self-care activities, and quality of life among individuals with type 2 diabetes.

 

METHOD:

The data from a quasi-experimental study at multisite health-promotion centers in Korea with pretest and 3- and 6-month post-test measures were used. Ninety-nine adults diagnosed with type 2 diabetes and HbA1c 6.0 or higher were included in the analysis.

 

The Tai Chi intervention consisted of 19 movements from Yang and Sun styles provided twice a week for 6 months. Sixty-two subjects completed both pretest and post-test measures. To achieve the desired outcomes, subjects needed to complete 80% of the sessions of the Tai Chi program, and 31 subjects who met this criteria were compared to those who did not. Outcome measures included glucose control (fasting blood sugar, HbA1c), diabetic self-care activities, and quality of life (36-Item Short Form Health Survey, version 2).

 

RESULTS:

Using repeated measure analysis of variance for baseline, 3 months, and 6 months, the adherent group had greater decline in fasting glucose and HbA1c than the non-adherers. The adherent group performed significantly more diabetic self-care activities, and had better quality of life in mental component summary, social functioning, mental health, and vitality as compared to the non-adherent group. The significant differences in quality of life remained after adjusting for self-care activities except for mental health, which was no longer significant.

 

CONCLUSION:

For those with type 2 diabetes, Tai Chi could be an alternative exercise intervention to increase glucose control, diabetic self-care activities, and quality of life. Whether Tai Chi can reduce or prevent diabetic complications requires further study.


 
 

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