Read more reliable Information from
U.S. National Library of Medicine

Tai Chi Qigong for Health >> Tai Chi Qigong for Mental Health

Baduanjin Qigong for Problematic Smartphone Use and Mental Health among College Students

ATCQA members and certified instructors/practitioners can access the full content of this article on ATCQA website. Sign in your ATCQA account and then click the link for "Study Materials".

February 26, 2021 - Problematic smartphone use (PSU) has become a prevalent issue worldwide. Previous studies suggest that physical exercising may effectively reduce smartphone users' addiction levels. Comparisons and further evaluations on the long-term effects of different types of exercise-based interventions on treating PSU remain to be investigated. 

A Chinese study, reported by Evidence Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine, investigated if group-based basketball and Baduanjin Qigong would reduce PSU and improve the mental health of college students and whether such effects would be sustained.

A twelve-week experiment was conducted, where 96 eligible Chinese college students with PSU were randomly assigned to two intervention arms (i.e., basketball and Baduanjin exercises) and a control arm. Outcome measures, including PSU (measured by the Mobile Phone Addiction Index in Chinese (MPAI)) and mental health indices for anxiety (measured by Self-Rating Anxiety Scale (SRAS)), loneliness (measured by the short-form of the UCLA Loneliness Scale (UCLA-LS)), inadequacy (measured by the revised Janis and Field's Feelings of Inadequacy Scale (FIS)), and stress (measured by the Chinese version of Perceived Stress Scale (CPSS)) were collected at the baseline, the end of week 12, and the two-month follow-up.

Both exercise interventions demonstrated significant effects on decreasing PSU, feelings of anxiety, loneliness, inadequacy, and perceived stress, at the end of interventions. At two months after interventions, both exercise interventions demonstrated significant effects on decreasing PSU, feelings of anxiety, loneliness, and inadequacy, but not for feeling of stress.

Furthermore, group-based basketball demonstrated larger improvements for all these significant results on reducing PSU and meanwhile improving their related mental health parameters among college students.




Tai Chi and Qigong Basic
Superme Chi Living


Copyright ©2010 ATCQA | Desingned by Dinfo Network