Tai Chi Qigong Improve Mood
and Self-esteem for People with Brain Injury
Medicine and Health Sciences, University
of Nottingham. Holly.Blake@nottingham.ac.uk.
Objective: To examine the effects of a brief
Tai Chi Chuan Qigong (;Qigong') exercise intervention
on individuals with traumatic brain injury.
Design: A single-centre randomized
controlled trial pilot study.Setting: A registered
charity day centre in the community.Subjects: Twenty
individuals with traumatic brain injury.Intervention:
Intervention participants attended a Qigong exercise session for one hour per
week over eight weeks. Control participants engaged in non-exercise-based
social and leisure activities for the same intervention period.
Measures: Outcome was assessed at baseline
and post intervention using the General Health Questionnaire-12, the Physical
Self-Description Questionnaire and the Social Support for Exercise Habits
Scale, to measure perceived mood, self-esteem, flexibility, coordination, physical
activity and social support.Results: Groups were
comparable at baseline. After the intervention, mood was improved in the
exercise group when compared with controls (U = 22.0, P =0.02). Improvements in
self-esteem (Z = 2.397, P =0.01) and mood (Z = -2.032, P =0.04) across the
study period were also evident in the exercise group only. There were no
significant differences in physical functioning between groups. In view of the
sample size, these findings are inconclusive.
Conclusions: This study provides preliminary
evidence that a brief Qigong exercise intervention programme
may improve mood and self-esteem for individuals with traumatic brain injury.
This needs to be tested in a large-scale randomized trial.