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Tai Chi and Outdoor Exercise Environment Benefit Well-being of Older Adults during COVID-19

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November 27, 2022 - Since the outbreak of the COVID-19 pandemic, promoting physical and mental health through physical activity has become a strategy for healthy aging. To better understand the impact of the participation of older adults in physical activity, a research paper published by Frontiers in psychology selects different types of physical activity and examines the relationship between them and subjective well-being through the analysis of the mediation effect of outdoor exercise environment and the regulating effect of exercise form.

In a cross-sectional study, a questionnaire survey was conducted in mainland China. The main data comes from 903 older adults in five urban areas in Chengdu, Sichuan Province. The surveys were carried out using the Physical Activity Rating Scale, Newfoundland Subjective Well-Being Scale, Exercise Environment Scale, and Exercise Form Scale. The mediating variable is the outdoor exercise environment, and the moderating variable is exercise form; gender, age, education level, and monthly income were used as control variables.

The study results showed that different physical activities (Tai Chi; Health Qigong; walking and jogging) were significantly, positively correlated with the subjective well-being of older adults; among the activities, Tai Chi had the strongest effect on the subjective well-being of older adults. Outdoor exercise environment played a mediating role between different physical activity types and subjective well-being of older adults. Exercise form moderated the subjective well-being of older adults in different physical activities.

The results of this study demonstrate that the outdoor exercise environment plays a mediating role between different physical activities and the subjective well-being of older adults, and the form of exercise can also moderate the impact of different physical activities on the subjective well-being of older adults.




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