Qigong Benefits Older Adults in Intermediate Care Rehabilitation Unit
July 15, 2014 -
Qigong has been used as a
complementary therapy to improve different health-related problems. Researchers
in Spain conducted a study to test the effects of Qigong on quality of life,
pain and depressive symptoms in older hospitalized patients.
In this randomized controlled
single blind study, they randomized 58 adults aged 50 year or older and admitted
to a post-acute intermediate care rehabilitation facility. Half of these
participants received a 90 min, bi-weekly, 4-week structured Qigong intervention
plus usual care and rehabilitation and the other half received usual care and
rehabilitation alone. Outcomes included quality of life (0-100 points visual
analogical scale), pain (0-10 points scale), and depressive symptoms (5-item
modified Yesavage Geriatric Depression Scale). The researchers also evaluated
participants' compliance and safety.
Of the enrolled 58 participants
(88 % women), four were dropped out of the control group. No statistically
significant differences in baseline characteristics were shown between groups,
including age, gender, marital status, education, comorbidity and functional
status, main diagnostic at admission and number of rehabilitation sessions. In
an intention-to-treat analysis (repeated measures ANOVA) the intervention group
experienced a significant improvement in quality of life. Pain and depressive
symptoms improved in both groups. Adherence was good (79 % of participants
completed the whole program). No adverse events were reported.
Conclusions: according to the
results, a structured Qigong intervention, together with usual care, might
improve quality of life of patients admitted to a post-acute intermediate care
rehabilitation unit, compared to usual care.
This study is published in the June 2014 issue of Aging clinical and experimental research.